|Claremont landscape Garden|
|The thumbnails below are
linked to larger pictures
Claremont is one of the earliest surviving examples of what is known as a Landscape garden and dates from the reign of Queen Anne. Claremont's creation and development involved some of the great names in garden history, Sir John Vanbrugh, Charles Bridgeman, William Kent and Capability Brown. The first gardens were begun in 1715 and later that century the splendor of Claremont was famed throughout Europe. In 1949 the National Trust were given 49 acres of landscape garden by the Nation for safe keeping and in 1975 embarked on a programme of restoration.
Landscape Gardens first appeared as a general reaction against the formal planting of earlier fashion. These Pleasure Grounds were agreeable vistas where people could stroll in apparently natural surroundings, but which basically comprised of a series of carefully planned views. Each view was designed to evoke a different sensation, surprise, awe, melancholy, for example.
Some of the vistas remaining at Claremont include The Amphitheatre, created as an eye catching feature to complement a round pond formed in the valley below, but never intended for theatrical performances. The Grotto a regular feature in eighteenth-century landscape gardens, intended to induce a mood of agreeable melancholy. The Belvedere this was the original approach to the garden and is now owned by Claremont Fan Court School, who gave permission to the National trust to re-open the view.The Camellia Terrace until 1959 a large heated greenhouse, but today the Camellias still survive now unprotected. There are many other vistas to explore at Claremont each with its own history.
Claremont Landscape Garden is situated off the A3 near Esher in Surrey. Another example of a landscaped garden Painshill can also be viewed on this site.